This is a work in progress and the text is undergoing frequent editing

This document is in the process of being scanned and it isn't even complete, let alone edited.

This is a facsimile of the 1916 article "The Astoria Tunnel Under the East River for Gas Distribution in New York City" as printed in Volume 80 of the American Society of Civil Engineers Transactions (Paper No. 1359). by John Vipond Davies.

Does this apply to this document?
Readers should note that as a document nearly 100 years old, as well as being a technical document, the grammar and phraseology will appear unusual and stilted to modern readers. Yet educated people actually did write (and talk) like that in those days.

Does this apply to this document?
Typography conventions of the time have semicolons set off from the preceding word by a space. I have maintained that convention for this web presentation. Also, this book uses a large number of "em dashes" (longer-than-usual hyphens) which the Lynx browser unfortunately does not render (it shows &#150 instead).

This book had illustrations ("plates") bound in. Rather than including them in the text of this web presentation, they are clickable from the List of Illustrations at the end of the document. Note: Large images such as these have been known to crash older versions of web browsers (particularly the 16-bit Windows 3.x Netscape browsers).

I have preserved the page breaks of the original document, even when they were in the middle of sentences. While this may appear awkward when you first view the text, it allows discussion such as "the next to last sentence of page 20" to mean the same thing to both viewers of this web presentation as well as to people reading the original book (or photocopies).

Click here to view the book.

Also available is a 28.3MB PDF of the original book, here. The 4 plates not included in the PDF can be accessed here: Plate 24A, Plate 24B, Plate 25 and Plate 26.

Editor's Note: Works published in the United States prior to 1923 are (as of this writing) now in the public domain. The markup, layout, and presentation of this electronic version is Copyright 1999 Teresa M. Kennedy. Permission is granted to download and store copies of this work for personal use only. For more information about the U.S. Copyright Law, visit the U.S.Copyright Office.